Australia is the smallest continent but is sometimes called the biggest island in the world. The world’s sixth largest country has the world’s largest reef stretching nearly 2500km in length. Australia is the flattest continent and also the driest with several large deserts in the centre and wester part of the country. The top parts of the country have a tropical climate and a very wet ‘wet season’. Most of the population is on the eastern coast line around the major cities where the climate is more temperate. Australia has 6 states and 2 territories. The 6 states are Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The 2 territories are the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).